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Andrew Isles Natural History Books

Birds also gather silk produced by insects and spiders and use it to fasten nesting materials. Paper wasps collect dried wood fibers from dead trees and old boards, and use their mandibles to ball up the fibers. The wasps then carry the sawdust spheres back to the nest site in their mouths. They drink water that they then regurgitate, along with other stomach contents, to paste the wood fibers together into a semi-waterproof nest. Caddis fly larvae living in mountain streams build tubular living structures, like hard-sided mummy bags, that protect them against predatory fish.

Built by Animals: The Natural History of Animal Architecture

A caddis larva starts by weaving a silky tube around its own body with material from its salivary glands. The insect reinforces this with pieces of vegetation, twigs, or sand applied with more silk.


  • Animal Architecture - Mike Hansell - Oxford University Press.
  • Structures built by animals;
  • Un Amor que Puedes Compartir (Spanish Edition).
  • Animal Architects And The Beautiful Homes They Build.
  • Built by Animals: The Natural History of Animal Architecture by Mike Hansell (Hardback, 2007)?
  • 【转帖】Built by Animals: The Natural History of Animal Architecture - 土木建筑 - 土木综合 - 小木虫论坛-学术科研互动平台;
  • Built by Animals: The Natural History of Animal Architecture by Mike Hansell.

What tools do animal builders use to construct their homes? A warbler uses its whole body to mold the symmetrical cup of its nest.

Built by Animals: The Natural History of Animal Architecture

Gathering sprigs of grass and stems in its beak, the bird clumps the materials into the fork of a tree branch and then rotates its entire body, using its legs and chest to push against the developing sides of the nest and uniformly compact them into a cup. Sitting in the nest, the warbler then uses its beak to twine pieces of grass together for more structural integrity. They can then be drawn out to fine threads that are shuttled back and forth across the rim, firming the structure.

Design, of course, is the essence of architecture. The nest of the red wood ant, for example, begins as worker ants hollow out cavities in the dead wood of an old stump and connect them with tunnels. Their numbers and position is often changed. At night and on cold days the ants plug them with nesting material just as we close our windows to keep heat in.


  • The Parliament of Fowls: In a Modern English Verse Translation.
  • Structures built by animals - Wikipedia;
  • Traumareise (German Edition);
  • Built by Animals: The Natural History of Animal Architecture;
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  • La pellegrina (Il basilisco) (Italian Edition).

The anthill is an ever-changing architectural structure. Over a period of three or four weeks, workers constantly bring bits of building material from the depths of the nest to the surface, causing the original surface layer to gravitate to the center.

【转帖】Built by Animals: The Natural History of Animal Architecture - 土木建筑 - 土木综合 - 小木虫论坛-学术科研互动平台

Once all these particles reach the center of the nest, they are then carried back to the surface. Big pieces of material that are difficult to transport remain in the center to form the sturdy core of the nest. Fine material is packed down on the surface as insulation and waterproofing, and the entire hill is molded to an angle that will efficiently catch the low rays of the sun to warm the nest in the morning and evening. Using their large, sharp incisors, these rodents cut down trees and trim branches to produce timbers they drag to a creek bottom.

The logs, along with cross pieces, create a support structure against the water current. From there, beavers continue to build up, until they have blocked the stream to create a deep pond. Beavers design their lodges with complex heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems based on the position of air openings. Some beaver dams stretch 1, feet or more across. The dams can create ponds larger than a football field and are strong enough to support a person riding across on horseback.

Humans have long studied animal architects and marveled at both the simplicity and complexity of natural design. For inspiration, modern architects are looking to the homes and other structures created by wildlife.

Facts About Animals - Secret Nature - Animal Habitat Documentary - Natural History Channel

All Rights Reserved. Animal Architecture From insulated dens to insecticidal nests, wildlife build some amazing structures.


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  8. This work focuses on the initial phase of a biomimetic design process, where a biophysical framework is established to provide an easier access to relevant analogies. It presents a structured framework of heat regulation processes to support the search for, and the selection of, appropriate strategies from the large database of nature. Peer-review under responsibility of organizing committee of the International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering and Construction We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads.

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